High-performance liquid chromatography-based assay for glutathione transferase theta 2 activity: Application to characterize interindividual variability in human liver fractions

Yongjie Zhang, Lukas Wijaya, S.J. Dekker, N.P.E. Vermeulen, J.N.M. Commandeur

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Human glutathione transferase T2-2 (GSTT2-2) is one of the enzymes considered to play a role in inactivation of toxicants and carcinogens. The expression level of this enzyme is determined by genetic and environmental factors, which may lead to differences in susceptibility. As a specific assay for GSTT2-2 so far a spectroscopical assay based on GSH-conjugation of menaphthyl sulfate (MSu) was used. This spectrophotometric assay, however, appeared too insensitive to accurately quantify the GSTT2-2 activities in a panel of 20 human liver samples. More recently, expression levels of GSTT2-2 in biological samples are quantified by measuring mRNA levels. Since mRNA-levels do not always correlate well with enzyme activity, a specific and sensitive assay is required. In the present study a highly sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based method was developed. By applying the new method, firstly, the specificity of GSTT2-2 among 15 recombinant human GST isoforms in catalyzing GSH-conjugation of MSu was confirmed. In addition, a 65-fold inter-individual variation of GSTT2-2 activity was found from the individual liver fractions. By applying the method to individual liver fractions, a 65-fold inter-individual variation of GSTT2-2 activity was found. As a second application, the role of GSTT2-2 in GSH-conjugation of the environmental carcinogen 1-methylpyrene sulfate (MPS) was studied by correlation analysis with GSTT2-2-catalyzed MSu conjugation. The relatively poor correlation suggested that other GSTs also contribute to MPS-conjugation, as confirmed by incubations with recombinant GSTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-188
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Volume156
Early online date23 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2018

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High performance liquid chromatography
Glutathione Transferase
Liver
Sulfates
Assays
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Enzymes
Environmental Carcinogens
Messenger RNA
Enzyme activity
Carcinogens
Protein Isoforms

Keywords

  • 1-Menaphthyl sulfate
  • 1-Methylpyrene sulfate
  • Conjugation
  • Glutathione
  • GSTT2-2
  • Human liver cytosol

Cite this

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title = "High-performance liquid chromatography-based assay for glutathione transferase theta 2 activity: Application to characterize interindividual variability in human liver fractions",
abstract = "Human glutathione transferase T2-2 (GSTT2-2) is one of the enzymes considered to play a role in inactivation of toxicants and carcinogens. The expression level of this enzyme is determined by genetic and environmental factors, which may lead to differences in susceptibility. As a specific assay for GSTT2-2 so far a spectroscopical assay based on GSH-conjugation of menaphthyl sulfate (MSu) was used. This spectrophotometric assay, however, appeared too insensitive to accurately quantify the GSTT2-2 activities in a panel of 20 human liver samples. More recently, expression levels of GSTT2-2 in biological samples are quantified by measuring mRNA levels. Since mRNA-levels do not always correlate well with enzyme activity, a specific and sensitive assay is required. In the present study a highly sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based method was developed. By applying the new method, firstly, the specificity of GSTT2-2 among 15 recombinant human GST isoforms in catalyzing GSH-conjugation of MSu was confirmed. In addition, a 65-fold inter-individual variation of GSTT2-2 activity was found from the individual liver fractions. By applying the method to individual liver fractions, a 65-fold inter-individual variation of GSTT2-2 activity was found. As a second application, the role of GSTT2-2 in GSH-conjugation of the environmental carcinogen 1-methylpyrene sulfate (MPS) was studied by correlation analysis with GSTT2-2-catalyzed MSu conjugation. The relatively poor correlation suggested that other GSTs also contribute to MPS-conjugation, as confirmed by incubations with recombinant GSTs.",
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T1 - High-performance liquid chromatography-based assay for glutathione transferase theta 2 activity

T2 - Application to characterize interindividual variability in human liver fractions

AU - Zhang, Yongjie

AU - Wijaya, Lukas

AU - Dekker, S.J.

AU - Vermeulen, N.P.E.

AU - Commandeur, J.N.M.

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N2 - Human glutathione transferase T2-2 (GSTT2-2) is one of the enzymes considered to play a role in inactivation of toxicants and carcinogens. The expression level of this enzyme is determined by genetic and environmental factors, which may lead to differences in susceptibility. As a specific assay for GSTT2-2 so far a spectroscopical assay based on GSH-conjugation of menaphthyl sulfate (MSu) was used. This spectrophotometric assay, however, appeared too insensitive to accurately quantify the GSTT2-2 activities in a panel of 20 human liver samples. More recently, expression levels of GSTT2-2 in biological samples are quantified by measuring mRNA levels. Since mRNA-levels do not always correlate well with enzyme activity, a specific and sensitive assay is required. In the present study a highly sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based method was developed. By applying the new method, firstly, the specificity of GSTT2-2 among 15 recombinant human GST isoforms in catalyzing GSH-conjugation of MSu was confirmed. In addition, a 65-fold inter-individual variation of GSTT2-2 activity was found from the individual liver fractions. By applying the method to individual liver fractions, a 65-fold inter-individual variation of GSTT2-2 activity was found. As a second application, the role of GSTT2-2 in GSH-conjugation of the environmental carcinogen 1-methylpyrene sulfate (MPS) was studied by correlation analysis with GSTT2-2-catalyzed MSu conjugation. The relatively poor correlation suggested that other GSTs also contribute to MPS-conjugation, as confirmed by incubations with recombinant GSTs.

AB - Human glutathione transferase T2-2 (GSTT2-2) is one of the enzymes considered to play a role in inactivation of toxicants and carcinogens. The expression level of this enzyme is determined by genetic and environmental factors, which may lead to differences in susceptibility. As a specific assay for GSTT2-2 so far a spectroscopical assay based on GSH-conjugation of menaphthyl sulfate (MSu) was used. This spectrophotometric assay, however, appeared too insensitive to accurately quantify the GSTT2-2 activities in a panel of 20 human liver samples. More recently, expression levels of GSTT2-2 in biological samples are quantified by measuring mRNA levels. Since mRNA-levels do not always correlate well with enzyme activity, a specific and sensitive assay is required. In the present study a highly sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based method was developed. By applying the new method, firstly, the specificity of GSTT2-2 among 15 recombinant human GST isoforms in catalyzing GSH-conjugation of MSu was confirmed. In addition, a 65-fold inter-individual variation of GSTT2-2 activity was found from the individual liver fractions. By applying the method to individual liver fractions, a 65-fold inter-individual variation of GSTT2-2 activity was found. As a second application, the role of GSTT2-2 in GSH-conjugation of the environmental carcinogen 1-methylpyrene sulfate (MPS) was studied by correlation analysis with GSTT2-2-catalyzed MSu conjugation. The relatively poor correlation suggested that other GSTs also contribute to MPS-conjugation, as confirmed by incubations with recombinant GSTs.

KW - 1-Menaphthyl sulfate

KW - 1-Methylpyrene sulfate

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KW - Glutathione

KW - GSTT2-2

KW - Human liver cytosol

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