Homocysteine-lowering effect of 500 μg folic acid every other day versus 250 μg/day

I. A. Brouwer*, I.A.L.M. van Rooij, M. V. Dusseldorp, C.M.G. Thomas, H.J. Blom, J.G.A.J. Hautvast, T. K A B Eskes, R. P M Steegers-Theunissen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background/Aims: Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations are a risk factor for neural tube defects and vascular diseases. Supplementation with folic acid decreases tHcy. We investigated whether supplementation with 500 μg folic acid every other day is as effective in lowering tHcy as 250 μg folic acid each day. Methods: In a 4-week intervention study, 22 healthy young women (18-40 years old) took either 500 μg folic acid every other day (500-μg/2d group) or 250 μg folic acid each day (250-μg/d group). Fasting blood was collected on days 0 and 28. Results: Plasma folate concentrations increased by 11.4 nmol/l (6.8-15.9) in the 250-μg/d group and by 9.1 nmol/l (95% Cl 1.9-16.3) in the 500-μg/2d group. These increases were not significantly different from each other. THcy concentrations decreased by 1.52 μmol/l (95% Cl -2.09 to -0.95; p < 0.001) in the 250-μg/d group and by 0.88 μmol/l (-1.53 to -0.23; p < 0.05) in the 500-μg/2d group. The difference in decrease between the 250-μg/d group and the 500-μg/2d group was 0.64 μmol/l (p = 0.11). Conclusion: Although not conclusive, this study suggests that supplying subjects with folic acid each day decreases tHcy more effectively than a double dose every other day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Volume44
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Folate
  • Folic acid
  • Homocysteine
  • Women

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