Horizontal-vertical anisotropy in visual space

Michelle J A Doumen*, Astrid M L Kappers, Jan J. Koenderink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We investigated the structure of visual space with a 3D exocentric pointing task. Observers had to direct a pointer towards a ball. Positions of both objects were varied. We measured the deviations from veridical pointing-directions in the horizontal and vertical planes (slant and tilt resp.). The slant increased linearly with an increasing horizontal visual angle. We also examined the effect of relative distance, i.e. the ratio of the distances between the two objects and the observer. When the pointer was further away from the observer than the ball, the observer directed the pointer in between himself and the ball, whereas when the pointer was closer to the observer he directed the pointer too far away. Neither the horizontal visual angle nor the relative distance had an effect on the tilt. The vertical visual angle had no effect on the deviations of the slant, but had a linear effect on the tilt. These results quantify the anisotropy of visual space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-239
Number of pages21
JournalActa Psychologica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006


  • Spatial perception
  • Visual space


Dive into the research topics of 'Horizontal-vertical anisotropy in visual space'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this