Hot under the collar in a lukewarm environment: Hot temperature primes increase aggressive thoughts and hostile perceptions

C.N. DeWall, B.J. Bushman

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To describe mental states that precede aggression and violence, people frequently use words related to hot temperatures. Two experiments examined whether exposure to words related to hot temperatures increases aggressive thoughts, even in the absence of heat. In both experiments, participants were first exposed to words related to either heat, cold, or neutral concepts. Next, participants completed measures that assessed aggressive cognition. In Experiment 1, participants completed a word stem completion task in which some word stems (e.g., "ki _ _") could be completed with either aggressive (e.g., "kill") or nonaggressive (e.g., "kiss") words. In Experiment 2, participants were presented with an ambiguous description of a person and then provided ratings regarding that person's hostility. In both studies, exposure to hot temperature words, relative to cold temperature and neutral words, increased aggressive thoughts and hostile perceptions. These findings show a strong link in memory between words related to hot temperatures and aggressive thoughts and biases. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1047
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Hot Temperature
experiment
heat
human being
aggression
cognition
Hostility
rating
violence
Aggression
Violence
Cognition
trend

Cite this

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title = "Hot under the collar in a lukewarm environment: Hot temperature primes increase aggressive thoughts and hostile perceptions",
abstract = "To describe mental states that precede aggression and violence, people frequently use words related to hot temperatures. Two experiments examined whether exposure to words related to hot temperatures increases aggressive thoughts, even in the absence of heat. In both experiments, participants were first exposed to words related to either heat, cold, or neutral concepts. Next, participants completed measures that assessed aggressive cognition. In Experiment 1, participants completed a word stem completion task in which some word stems (e.g., {"}ki _ _{"}) could be completed with either aggressive (e.g., {"}kill{"}) or nonaggressive (e.g., {"}kiss{"}) words. In Experiment 2, participants were presented with an ambiguous description of a person and then provided ratings regarding that person's hostility. In both studies, exposure to hot temperature words, relative to cold temperature and neutral words, increased aggressive thoughts and hostile perceptions. These findings show a strong link in memory between words related to hot temperatures and aggressive thoughts and biases. {\circledC} 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
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Hot under the collar in a lukewarm environment: Hot temperature primes increase aggressive thoughts and hostile perceptions. / DeWall, C.N.; Bushman, B.J.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 45, No. 4, 2009, p. 1045-1047.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - DeWall, C.N.

AU - Bushman, B.J.

PY - 2009

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AB - To describe mental states that precede aggression and violence, people frequently use words related to hot temperatures. Two experiments examined whether exposure to words related to hot temperatures increases aggressive thoughts, even in the absence of heat. In both experiments, participants were first exposed to words related to either heat, cold, or neutral concepts. Next, participants completed measures that assessed aggressive cognition. In Experiment 1, participants completed a word stem completion task in which some word stems (e.g., "ki _ _") could be completed with either aggressive (e.g., "kill") or nonaggressive (e.g., "kiss") words. In Experiment 2, participants were presented with an ambiguous description of a person and then provided ratings regarding that person's hostility. In both studies, exposure to hot temperature words, relative to cold temperature and neutral words, increased aggressive thoughts and hostile perceptions. These findings show a strong link in memory between words related to hot temperatures and aggressive thoughts and biases. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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