Hotspots of land use change in Europe

T. Kuemmerle, C. Levers, K. Erb, S. Estel, M.R. Jepsen, D. Muller, C. Plutzar, J. Stürck, P.J. Verkerk, P.H. Verburg, A. Reenberg

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Assessing changes in the extent and management intensity of land use is crucial to understanding land-system dynamics and their environmental and social outcomes. Yet, changes in the spatial patterns of land management intensity, and thus how they might relate to changes in the extent of land uses, remains unclear for many world regions. We compiled and analyzed high-resolution, spatially-explicit land-use change indicators capturing changes in both the extent and management intensity of cropland, grazing land, forests, and urban areas for all of Europe for the period 1990-2006. Based on these indicators, we identified hotspots of change and explored the spatial concordance of area versus intensity changes. We found a clear East-West divide with regard to agriculture, with stronger cropland declines and lower management intensity in the East compared to the West. Yet, these patterns were not uniform and diverging patterns of intensification in areas highly suitable for farming, and disintensification and cropland contraction in more marginal areas emerged. Despite the moderate overall rates of change, many regions in Europe fell into at least one land-use change hotspot during 1990-2006, often related to a spatial reorganization of land use (i.e., co-occurring area decline and intensification or co-occurring area increase and disintensification). Our analyses highlighted the diverse spatial patterns and heterogeneity of land-use changes in Europe, and the importance of jointly considering changes in the extent and management intensity of land use, as well as feedbacks among land-use sectors. Given this spatial differentiation of land-use change, and thus its environmental impacts, spatially-explicit assessments of land-use dynamics are important for context-specific, regionalized land-use policy making.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Land use
land use change
Agriculture
land use
Policy Making
Europe
policy making
land management
contraction
environmental impact
grazing
urban area
agriculture
Environmental impact
Dynamical systems
Feedback
Forests

Cite this

Kuemmerle, T., Levers, C., Erb, K., Estel, S., Jepsen, M. R., Muller, D., ... Reenberg, A. (2016). Hotspots of land use change in Europe. Environmental Research Letters, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/064020
Kuemmerle, T. ; Levers, C. ; Erb, K. ; Estel, S. ; Jepsen, M.R. ; Muller, D. ; Plutzar, C. ; Stürck, J. ; Verkerk, P.J. ; Verburg, P.H. ; Reenberg, A. / Hotspots of land use change in Europe. In: Environmental Research Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 2016.
@article{2d621354a8584f3296bc869d1d2c2434,
title = "Hotspots of land use change in Europe",
abstract = "Assessing changes in the extent and management intensity of land use is crucial to understanding land-system dynamics and their environmental and social outcomes. Yet, changes in the spatial patterns of land management intensity, and thus how they might relate to changes in the extent of land uses, remains unclear for many world regions. We compiled and analyzed high-resolution, spatially-explicit land-use change indicators capturing changes in both the extent and management intensity of cropland, grazing land, forests, and urban areas for all of Europe for the period 1990-2006. Based on these indicators, we identified hotspots of change and explored the spatial concordance of area versus intensity changes. We found a clear East-West divide with regard to agriculture, with stronger cropland declines and lower management intensity in the East compared to the West. Yet, these patterns were not uniform and diverging patterns of intensification in areas highly suitable for farming, and disintensification and cropland contraction in more marginal areas emerged. Despite the moderate overall rates of change, many regions in Europe fell into at least one land-use change hotspot during 1990-2006, often related to a spatial reorganization of land use (i.e., co-occurring area decline and intensification or co-occurring area increase and disintensification). Our analyses highlighted the diverse spatial patterns and heterogeneity of land-use changes in Europe, and the importance of jointly considering changes in the extent and management intensity of land use, as well as feedbacks among land-use sectors. Given this spatial differentiation of land-use change, and thus its environmental impacts, spatially-explicit assessments of land-use dynamics are important for context-specific, regionalized land-use policy making.",
author = "T. Kuemmerle and C. Levers and K. Erb and S. Estel and M.R. Jepsen and D. Muller and C. Plutzar and J. St{\"u}rck and P.J. Verkerk and P.H. Verburg and A. Reenberg",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/064020",
language = "English",
volume = "2016",
journal = "Environmental Research Letters",
issn = "1748-9326",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",

}

Kuemmerle, T, Levers, C, Erb, K, Estel, S, Jepsen, MR, Muller, D, Plutzar, C, Stürck, J, Verkerk, PJ, Verburg, PH & Reenberg, A 2016, 'Hotspots of land use change in Europe' Environmental Research Letters, vol. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/064020

Hotspots of land use change in Europe. / Kuemmerle, T.; Levers, C.; Erb, K.; Estel, S.; Jepsen, M.R.; Muller, D.; Plutzar, C.; Stürck, J.; Verkerk, P.J.; Verburg, P.H.; Reenberg, A.

In: Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 2016, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hotspots of land use change in Europe

AU - Kuemmerle, T.

AU - Levers, C.

AU - Erb, K.

AU - Estel, S.

AU - Jepsen, M.R.

AU - Muller, D.

AU - Plutzar, C.

AU - Stürck, J.

AU - Verkerk, P.J.

AU - Verburg, P.H.

AU - Reenberg, A.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Assessing changes in the extent and management intensity of land use is crucial to understanding land-system dynamics and their environmental and social outcomes. Yet, changes in the spatial patterns of land management intensity, and thus how they might relate to changes in the extent of land uses, remains unclear for many world regions. We compiled and analyzed high-resolution, spatially-explicit land-use change indicators capturing changes in both the extent and management intensity of cropland, grazing land, forests, and urban areas for all of Europe for the period 1990-2006. Based on these indicators, we identified hotspots of change and explored the spatial concordance of area versus intensity changes. We found a clear East-West divide with regard to agriculture, with stronger cropland declines and lower management intensity in the East compared to the West. Yet, these patterns were not uniform and diverging patterns of intensification in areas highly suitable for farming, and disintensification and cropland contraction in more marginal areas emerged. Despite the moderate overall rates of change, many regions in Europe fell into at least one land-use change hotspot during 1990-2006, often related to a spatial reorganization of land use (i.e., co-occurring area decline and intensification or co-occurring area increase and disintensification). Our analyses highlighted the diverse spatial patterns and heterogeneity of land-use changes in Europe, and the importance of jointly considering changes in the extent and management intensity of land use, as well as feedbacks among land-use sectors. Given this spatial differentiation of land-use change, and thus its environmental impacts, spatially-explicit assessments of land-use dynamics are important for context-specific, regionalized land-use policy making.

AB - Assessing changes in the extent and management intensity of land use is crucial to understanding land-system dynamics and their environmental and social outcomes. Yet, changes in the spatial patterns of land management intensity, and thus how they might relate to changes in the extent of land uses, remains unclear for many world regions. We compiled and analyzed high-resolution, spatially-explicit land-use change indicators capturing changes in both the extent and management intensity of cropland, grazing land, forests, and urban areas for all of Europe for the period 1990-2006. Based on these indicators, we identified hotspots of change and explored the spatial concordance of area versus intensity changes. We found a clear East-West divide with regard to agriculture, with stronger cropland declines and lower management intensity in the East compared to the West. Yet, these patterns were not uniform and diverging patterns of intensification in areas highly suitable for farming, and disintensification and cropland contraction in more marginal areas emerged. Despite the moderate overall rates of change, many regions in Europe fell into at least one land-use change hotspot during 1990-2006, often related to a spatial reorganization of land use (i.e., co-occurring area decline and intensification or co-occurring area increase and disintensification). Our analyses highlighted the diverse spatial patterns and heterogeneity of land-use changes in Europe, and the importance of jointly considering changes in the extent and management intensity of land use, as well as feedbacks among land-use sectors. Given this spatial differentiation of land-use change, and thus its environmental impacts, spatially-explicit assessments of land-use dynamics are important for context-specific, regionalized land-use policy making.

U2 - 10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/064020

DO - 10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/064020

M3 - Article

VL - 2016

JO - Environmental Research Letters

JF - Environmental Research Letters

SN - 1748-9326

ER -

Kuemmerle T, Levers C, Erb K, Estel S, Jepsen MR, Muller D et al. Hotspots of land use change in Europe. Environmental Research Letters. 2016;2016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/6/064020