How can job crafting be reproduced? Examining the trickle-down effect of job crafting from leaders to employees

Xun Xin, Wenjing Cai*, Wenxia Zhou, Sabrine El Baroudi, Svetlana N. Khapova

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This study seeks to examine how and when job crafting trickles down from leaders to followers in a team context. Drawing on social learning theory, we hypothesize that team leaders’ job resources mediate the relationship between team leaders’ job crafting and team members’ job crafting. Empowering leadership is proposed to strengthen the mediation effect, such that under a stronger (higher) empowering leadership style the relationship between team leaders’ job resources and team members’ job crafting is further strengthened, thereby positively influencing the overall mediated relationship. We tested our multilevel moderated mediation model with leader-subordinate paired data from 64 work teams in seven Chinese enterprises over two time periods. The results support our hypothesized mediated relationship; however, contrary to our prediction, we find that empowering leadership negatively moderates the relationship between team leaders’ job resources and team members’ job crafting, and weakens the mediation effect of team leaders’ job resources. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number894
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number3
Early online date31 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2020



  • Empowering leadership
  • Job crafting
  • Job resources
  • Leader-subordinate
  • Trickle-down effect

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