How Do Mental Models Actually Exist in the Brain: On Context-Dependent Neural Correlates of Mental Models

Jan Treur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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In this chapter, the concept of context-dependent realisation of mental models is introduced and discussed. Literature from neuroscience is discussed showing that different types of mental models can use different types of brain areas. Moreover, it is discussed that the same occurs for the formation and adaptation of mental models and the control of these processes. This makes that it is hard to claim that all mental models use the same brain mechanisms and areas. Instead, the notion of context-dependent realisation is proposed here as a better manner to relate neural correlates to mental models. It is shown in some formal detail how this context-dependent realisation approach can be related to well-known perspectives based on bridge principle realisation and interpretation mapping realisation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMental Models and their Dynamics, Adaptation and Control
Subtitle of host publicationA Self-Modeling Network Modeling Approach
EditorsJan Treur, Laila Van Ments
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783030858216
ISBN (Print)9783030858209
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameStudies in Systems, Decision and Control
ISSN (Print)2198-4182
ISSN (Electronic)2198-4190

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Bridge principle
  • Context-dependent realisation
  • Interpretation mapping
  • Mental models
  • Neural correlates


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