How Theology Stopped Being Regina Scientiarum - and How Its Story Continues

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Abstract

The view that theology represents the highest level of academic learning and the summit of human knowledge has a long history. In this article, starting from Aristotle, the genealogy of this view is excavated. Second, it is examined how and why theology lost this special status in modernity, as this appears in Immanuel Kant’s The Conflict of the Faculties (1798). Third, it is shown in which way and for what reasons theology continued to have a place of its own in the modern university since the founding of the University of Berlin (1810). In particular, the crucial role of Friedrich Schleiermacher’s proposal is highlighted. Fourth, it is suggested that, under certain conditions, theology can still be conceived as a proper university discipline in contemporary pluralistic societies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-454
Number of pages13
JournalStudies in Christian Ethics
Volume32
Issue number4
Early online date13 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Theology
  • philosophy
  • practical sciences
  • queen of the sciences
  • rationality
  • university

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