Human Smuggling and Violence in the East Mediterranean

T.E. Baird

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


purpose-The purpose of this paper is to outline a typology of violent acts used against migrants using human smugglers. This paper relates the experiences of violence, coercion, and exploitation to migrants' experiences of being smuggled across borders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-133
JournalInternational Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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