Leaf mould disease in tomato is caused by the biotrophic fungus Cladosporium fulvum. An Ac/Ds targeted transposon tagging strategy was used to isolate the gene conferring resistance to race 5 of C. fulvum, a strain expressing the avirulence gene Avr4. An infection assay of 2-week-old seedlings yielded five susceptible mutants, of which two had a Ds element integrated in the same gene at different positions. This gene, member of a gene family, showed high sequence homology to the C. fulvum resistance genes Cf-9 and Cf-2. The gene is predicted to encode an extracellular transmembrane protein containing a divided domain of 25 leucine-rich repeats. Three mutants exhibited a genomic deletion covering most of the Lycopersicon hirsutum introgressed segment, including the Cf-4 locus. Southern blot analysis revealed that this deletion includes the tagged gene and five homologous sequences. To test whether the tagged gene confers resistance to C. fulvum via Avr4 recognition, the Avr4 gene was expressed in planta. Surprisingly, expression of the Avr4 gene still triggered a specific necrotic response in the transposon-tagged plants, indicating that the tagged resistance gene is not, or is not the only gene, involved in Avr4 recognition. Mutants harbouring the genomic deletion did not show this Avr4-specific response. The deleted segment apparently contains, in addition to the tagged gene, one or more other genes, which play a role in the Avr4 responses. The tagged gene is present at the Cf-4 locus, but it does not necessarily recognize Avr4 and is therefore designated Cf-4A.