Heuristics and metaheuristics are inevitable ingredients of most of the general purpose ILP solvers today, because of their contribution to the significant boost of the performance of exact methods. In the field of bi/multi-objective optimization, to the best of our knowledge, it is still not very common to integrate ILP heuristics into exact solution frameworks. This paper aims to bring a stronger attention of both the exact and metaheuristic communities to still unexplored possibilities for performance improvements of exact and heuristic multi-objective optimization algorithms. We focus on bi-objective optimization problems whose feasible solutions can be described as 0/1 integer linear programs and propose two ILP heuristics, boundary induced neighborhood search (BINS) and directional local branching. Their main idea is to combine the features and explore the neighborhoods of solutions that are relatively close in the objective space. A two-phase ILP-based heuristic framework relying on BINS and directional local branching is introduced. Moreover, a new exact method called adaptive search in objective space (ASOS) is also proposed. ASOS combines features of the ε-constraint method with the binary search in the objective space and uses heuristic solutions produced by BINS for guidance. Our new methods are computationally evaluated on two problems of particular relevance for the design of FTTx-networks. Comparison with other known exact methods (relying on the exploration of the objective space) is conducted on a set of realistic benchmark instances representing telecommunication access networks from Germany.
- Bi-objective connected facility location
- ILP heuristics
- k-architecture connected facility location
- Local branching
- Neighborhood search