Impact of genetic variation on synaptic protein levels in genetically diverse mice

Maarten Loos, Ka Wan Li, R.C. van der Schors, Y. Gouwenberg, R.J. Loo, Robert W Williams, August B Smit, S. Spijker

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The relative abundance of synaptic proteins shapes protein complex formation and is essential for synapse function and behavioral fitness. Here, we have used a panel of highly diverse inbred strains of mice-NOD/LtJ, A/J, 129S1/SvImJ, FVB/NJ, C57BL/6J, WSB/EiJ, PWK/PhJ, and CAST/EiJ-to quantify the effects of genetic variation on the synaptic proteome between strains. Using iTRAQ-based quantitative proteome analyses, we detected significant differences in ∼20% of 400 core synaptic proteins. Surprisingly, the differentially abundant proteins showed a modest range of variation across strains, averaging about 1.3-fold. Analysis of protein abundance covariation across the eight strains identified known protein-protein relations (proteins of Arp2/3 complex), as well as novel relations (e.g. Dlg family, Fscn1). Moreover, covariation of synaptic proteins was substantially tighter (∼fourfold more dense than chance level) than corresponding networks of synaptic transcripts (∼twofold more dense than chance). The tight stoichiometry and coherent synaptic protein covariation networks suggest more intense evolutionary selection at this level of molecular organization. In conclusion, genetic diversity in the mouse genome differentially affects the transcriptome and proteome, and only partially penetrates the synaptic proteome. Protein abundance correlation analyses in genetically divergent strains can complement protein-protein interaction network analyses, to provide insight into protein interactomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1123-30
Number of pages8
JournalProteomics
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Genetic Variation
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Protein Interaction Maps
  • Proteome
  • Proteomics
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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