Impact of institute and person variables on teachers' conceptions of learning and teaching.

J.C.G. Jacobs, A.M. Muijtjens, S.J. van Luijk, C.P. van der Vleuten, G. Croiset, F. Scheele

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Teachers' conceptions of learning and teaching are important for faculty development to result in enduring changes in teaching practices. Until now, studies on these conceptions have mostly focused on traditional, lecture-based curricula rather than on small-group student-centred educational formats, which are gaining ground worldwide. Aim: To explore which factors predict teachers' conceptions in student-centred curricula. Methods: In two Dutch medical schools with 10 and 40 years of student-centred education, teachers were asked to fill out the Conceptions of Learning and Teaching (COLT) Questionnaire to assess their teacher-centredness', appreciation of active learning' and orientation to professional practice'. Next, we quantitatively assessed the relations of teachers' conceptions with their personal and occupational characteristics and institute. Results: Overall response was 49.4% (N = 319/646). Institute was the main predictor for variance in all three scales, and discipline, gender and teaching experience significantly explained variance in two of the scales. More than 80% of the variance was not explained by these factors. Conclusion: Longer exposure to a student-centred curriculum was associated with fewer teacher-centred conceptions, greater appreciation of active learning' and stronger orientation towards professional practice'. In line with studies on lecture-based curricula, discipline, gender and teaching experience also appeared important for teachers' conceptions in student-centred curricula. More research is necessary to better understand the influence of institute on the three teachers' conceptions scales.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)738-746
JournalMedical Teacher
Volume37
Issue number8
Early online date6 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Jacobs, J. C. G., Muijtjens, A. M., van Luijk, S. J., van der Vleuten, C. P., Croiset, G., & Scheele, F. (2015). Impact of institute and person variables on teachers' conceptions of learning and teaching. Medical Teacher, 37(8), 738-746. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2014.970985