Impact of visual impairment on quality of life: a comparison with quality of life in the general population and with other chronic conditions

Maaike Langelaan, Michiel R de Boer, Ruth M A van Nispen, Bill Wouters, Annette C Moll, Ger H M B van Rens

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Subjective evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health status is recognized as an important tool in the assessment and treatment of visually impaired patients. The aims of this study are to describe the generic HRQoL and health status of visually impaired patients and to compare the HRQoL of visually impaired patients with that of both the general population of the Netherlands and patients with other chronic conditions.

METHODS: 128 persons attending a rehabilitation centre for visually impaired adults completed the EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D). These patients' EQ-5D scores were compared with EQ-5D norms of the Dutch population and of patients with other chronic conditions; both sets of data were taken from the literature.

RESULTS: The average EQ-5Dindex score of the total study population was 0.73 (SD 0.22). Visually impaired patients reported more problems on every dimension of the EQ-5D than the general Dutch population. Only stroke patients and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and reported more problems on every dimension of the EQ-5D than visually impaired patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Visual impairment has a substantial impact on the quality of life; compared with other chronic conditions, it seems to affect the HRQoL, spoiling the quality of life more than diabetes type II, coronary syndrome, and hearing impairments, but less than stroke, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, major depressive disorder, and severe mental illness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-26
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmic Epidemiology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2007

Fingerprint

Vision Disorders
Quality of Life
Population
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Health Status
Stroke
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Rehabilitation Centers
Major Depressive Disorder
Hearing Loss
Netherlands
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Multiple Sclerosis

Keywords

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Netherlands
  • Quality of Life
  • Sickness Impact Profile
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vision, Low
  • Visually Impaired Persons
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

Langelaan, Maaike ; de Boer, Michiel R ; van Nispen, Ruth M A ; Wouters, Bill ; Moll, Annette C ; van Rens, Ger H M B. / Impact of visual impairment on quality of life : a comparison with quality of life in the general population and with other chronic conditions. In: Ophthalmic Epidemiology. 2007 ; Vol. 14, No. 3. pp. 119-26.
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Impact of visual impairment on quality of life : a comparison with quality of life in the general population and with other chronic conditions. / Langelaan, Maaike; de Boer, Michiel R; van Nispen, Ruth M A; Wouters, Bill; Moll, Annette C; van Rens, Ger H M B.

In: Ophthalmic Epidemiology, Vol. 14, No. 3, 07.07.2007, p. 119-26.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of visual impairment on quality of life

T2 - a comparison with quality of life in the general population and with other chronic conditions

AU - Langelaan, Maaike

AU - de Boer, Michiel R

AU - van Nispen, Ruth M A

AU - Wouters, Bill

AU - Moll, Annette C

AU - van Rens, Ger H M B

PY - 2007/7/7

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N2 - PURPOSE: Subjective evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health status is recognized as an important tool in the assessment and treatment of visually impaired patients. The aims of this study are to describe the generic HRQoL and health status of visually impaired patients and to compare the HRQoL of visually impaired patients with that of both the general population of the Netherlands and patients with other chronic conditions.METHODS: 128 persons attending a rehabilitation centre for visually impaired adults completed the EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D). These patients' EQ-5D scores were compared with EQ-5D norms of the Dutch population and of patients with other chronic conditions; both sets of data were taken from the literature.RESULTS: The average EQ-5Dindex score of the total study population was 0.73 (SD 0.22). Visually impaired patients reported more problems on every dimension of the EQ-5D than the general Dutch population. Only stroke patients and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and reported more problems on every dimension of the EQ-5D than visually impaired patients.CONCLUSIONS: Visual impairment has a substantial impact on the quality of life; compared with other chronic conditions, it seems to affect the HRQoL, spoiling the quality of life more than diabetes type II, coronary syndrome, and hearing impairments, but less than stroke, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, major depressive disorder, and severe mental illness.

AB - PURPOSE: Subjective evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health status is recognized as an important tool in the assessment and treatment of visually impaired patients. The aims of this study are to describe the generic HRQoL and health status of visually impaired patients and to compare the HRQoL of visually impaired patients with that of both the general population of the Netherlands and patients with other chronic conditions.METHODS: 128 persons attending a rehabilitation centre for visually impaired adults completed the EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D). These patients' EQ-5D scores were compared with EQ-5D norms of the Dutch population and of patients with other chronic conditions; both sets of data were taken from the literature.RESULTS: The average EQ-5Dindex score of the total study population was 0.73 (SD 0.22). Visually impaired patients reported more problems on every dimension of the EQ-5D than the general Dutch population. Only stroke patients and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and reported more problems on every dimension of the EQ-5D than visually impaired patients.CONCLUSIONS: Visual impairment has a substantial impact on the quality of life; compared with other chronic conditions, it seems to affect the HRQoL, spoiling the quality of life more than diabetes type II, coronary syndrome, and hearing impairments, but less than stroke, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, major depressive disorder, and severe mental illness.

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KW - Health Status

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KW - Male

KW - Netherlands

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Sickness Impact Profile

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Vision, Low

KW - Visually Impaired Persons

KW - Comparative Study

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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M3 - Article

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JO - Ophthalmic Epidemiology

JF - Ophthalmic Epidemiology

SN - 0928-6586

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