Importance of personal goals in people with independent versus interdependent selves

Femke Van Horen*, Claudia Pöhlmann, Karoline Koeppen, Bettina Hannover

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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This paper investigates how the importance attached to personal goals differs according to the person's independent or interdependent self. Results of one questionnaire study and two priming studies showed that, overall, independents considered their goals more important than interdependants. A closer analysis revealed, however, that interdependents assigned more relevance to social goals (e.g., harmony with others), than to individual goals (e.g., to be successful), whereas independents attached equal importance to both types of goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-221
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychology
Issue number4
Early online date27 Oct 2008
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Independent versus interdependent selves
  • Personal goals


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