Improved nonreductive O-glycan release by hydrazinolysis with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid addition.

R.P. Kozak, L. Royle, R.A. Gardner, A. Bondt, D.L. Fernandes, M. Wuhrer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The study of protein O-glycosylation is receiving increasing attention in biological, medical, and biopharmaceutical research. Improved techniques are required to allow reproducible and quantitative analysis of O-glycans. An established approach for O-glycan analysis relies on their chemical release in high yield by hydrazinolysis, followed by fluorescent labeling at the reducing terminus and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) profiling. However, an unwanted degradation known as "peeling" often compromises hydrazinolysis for O-glycan analysis. Here we addressed this problem using low-molarity solutions of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) in hydrazine for O-glycan release. O-linked glycans from a range of different glycoproteins were analyzed, including bovine fetuin, bovine submaxillary gland mucin, and serum immunoglobulin A (IgA). The data for the O-glycans released by hydrazine with anhydrous EDTA or disodium salt dihydrate EDTA show high yields of the native O-glycans compared with the peeled product, resulting in a markedly increased robustness of the O-glycan profiling method. The presented method for O-glycan release demonstrates significant reduction in peeling and reduces the number of sample handling steps prior to release. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-37
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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