In defense of psychosomatic theory: a critical analysis of Allison and Heshka's critical analysis

T Van Strien

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This article analyses Allison and Heshka's (Internal Journal of Eating Disorders, 13, 289-295, 1993.) critical analysis of studies supporting psychosomatic theory. Questionned first is, Allison and Heshka's contention that the obese overreport emotional eating as a result of effects of demand characteristics, social desirability, and interpersonal expectancies. These effects, however, indicate that a more plausible response would be an underreport of emotional eating. Also addressed is Allison and Heshka's (Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 1, 31-38, 1993.) contention that a high correlation between a measurement instrument and a measure of social desirability invalidates that measurement instrument. Finally, in a rebuttal of Allison and Heshka's critical analysis of studies supporting psychosomatic theory, it is elaborated why emotional eating explains so little variance in weight gain and obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-304
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1995

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Obesity
  • Social Desirability
  • Journal Article

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