Increasing temperature speeds intracellular PO2 kinetics during contractions in single Xenopus skeletal muscle fibers

S Koga, R C I Wüst, B Walsh, C A Kindig, H B Rossiter, M C Hogan

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Precise determination of the effect of muscle temperature (T(m)) on mitochondrial oxygen consumption kinetics has proven difficult in humans, in part due to the complexities in controlling for T(m)-related variations in blood flow, fiber recruitment, muscle metabolism, and contractile properties. To address this issue, intracellular Po(2) (P(i)(O(2))) was measured continuously by phosphorescence quenching following the onset of contractions in single Xenopus myofibers (n = 24) while controlling extracellular temperature. Fibers were subjected to two identical contraction bouts, in random order, at 15°C (cold, C) and 20°C (normal, N; n = 12), or at N and 25°C (hot, H; n = 12). Contractile properties were determined for every contraction. The time delay of the P(i)(O(2)) response was significantly greater in C (59 ± 35 s) compared with N (35 ± 26 s, P = 0.01) and H (27 ± 14 s, P = 0.01). The time constant for the decline in P(i)(O(2)) was significantly greater in C (89 ± 34 s) compared with N (52 ± 15 s; P < 0.01) and H (37 ± 10 s; P < 0.01). There was a linear relationship between the rate constant for P(i)(O(2)) kinetics and T(m) (r = 0.322, P = 0.03). Estimated ATP turnover was significantly greater in H than in C (P < 0.01), but this increased energy requirement alone with increased T(m) could not account for the differences observed in P(i)(O(2)) kinetics among conditions. These results demonstrate that P(i)(O(2)) kinetics in single contracting myofibers are dependent on T(m), likely caused by temperature-induced differences in metabolic demand and by temperature-dependent processes underlying mitochondrial activation at the start of muscle contractions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R59-66
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Body Temperature
  • Female
  • Mitochondria, Muscle/physiology
  • Muscle Contraction/physiology
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal/physiology
  • Oxygen/analysis
  • Oxygen Consumption/physiology
  • Xenopus laevis/physiology


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