To develop a musculoskeletal model of the shoulder mechanism, both shoulders of seven cadavers were measured to obtain a complete set of parameters. Using anthropometric measurements, the mass and rotational inertia of segments were estimated, followed by three-dimensional measurements of all morphological structures relevant for modelling, i.e. muscle origins and insertions, muscle bundle directions, ligament attachments and articular surfaces; all in relation to selected bony landmarks. Subsequently, muscle contraction parameters as muscle mass and physiological cross-sectional area were measured. The method of data collection and the results for inertia and muscle contraction parameters as prerequisites for modelling are described.