Influence of delivery and feeding mode in oral fungi colonization - A systematic review

M.J. Azevedo, M.L. Pereira, R. Araujo, C. Ramalho, E. Zaura, B. Sampaio-Maia

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Postnatal acquisition of microorganisms from maternal and environmental sources contributes to the child microbiome development. Several studies showed that the mode of delivery and breastfeeding may have impact on the oral bacterial colonization, however, the influence on oral fungal colonization is still unknown. We performed a systematic literature review on mother to child oral fungi transmission, namely regarding the association between the mode of delivery and breastfeeding in oral yeast colonization. Our analysis revealed no significant differences between the oral mycobiome of breastfed and bottle-fed children. As for the delivery mode, the majority of studies found a relation between fungal colonization and vaginal delivery. Candida albicans was the most commonly isolated fungi species. Our analysis suggests that maternal breastfeeding does not seem to influence oral mycology, but vaginal delivery appears to promote oral yeast colonization in early life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-45
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobial Cell
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


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