Influence of surface pretreatment of fiber posts on cement delamination

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    To evaluate the influence of post surface pretreatment on the delamination strength of different cements from a prefabricated FRC post tested in a three-point bending test.
    Three cements were tested; RelyX Unicem, DC Core Automix, and Panavia F2.0. Per cement, 40 posts (D.T. Light Post Illusion size 3) were divided into four groups; no pretreatment (control), sandblasting, silanization, and sandblasting followed by silanization. A cement layer was applied to the posts using a standardized poly-oxy-methacrylate mold. The specimens were subjected to a three-point bending test recording the initial and catastrophic failure loads. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc tests were used to analyze the differences between the variables.
    At the initial failure load, all specimens demonstrated delamination of the cement layer, therefore initial failure load was defined as delamination strength. With RelyX Unicem, none of the pretreatments showed significant differences. When using Panavia F2.0, silanization (735 ± 51 MPa) resulted in higher initial failure values than sandblasting (600 ± 118 MPa). When DC Core Automix was used, silanization (732 ± 144 MPa) produced significantly higher initial failure values than the no pretreatment group (518 ± 115 MPa) and the combined sandblasting and silanization group (560 ± 223 MPa). Two failure types were observed; cohesive and adhesive failure. In the silanization groups, more cohesive failures were observed for all cements tested.
    Especially when non self-adhesive cements are used, silanization of fiber posts has a beneficial effect on cement delamination strength and failure type.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)901-907
    JournalDental Materials
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2010


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