[(3)H]cimetidine, a radiolabeled histamine H(2) receptor antagonist, binds with high affinity to an unknown hemoprotein in the brain which is not the histamine H(2) receptor. Improgan, a close chemical congener of cimetidine, is a highly effective pain-relieving drug following CNS administration, yet its mechanism of action remains unknown. To test the hypothesis that the [(3)H]cimetidine-binding site is the improgan antinociceptive target, improgan, cimetidine, and 8 other chemical congeners were studied as potential inhibitors of [(3)H]cimetidine binding in membrane fractions from the rat brain. All compounds produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of [(3)H]cimetidine binding over a 500-fold range of potencies (K(i) values were 14.5 to >8000nM). However, antinociceptive potencies in rats did not significantly correlate with [(3)H]cimetidine-binding affinities (r=0.018, p=0.97, n=10). These results suggest that the [(3)H]cimetidine-binding site is not the analgesic target for improgan-like drugs.
- Binding Sites
- Cimetidine/analogs & derivatives
- Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
- Histamine H2 Antagonists/metabolism
- Molecular Structure
- Rats, Sprague-Dawley