Instruction or pedagogy? The need for a transformative conception of education

S. Miedema, G.J.J. Biesta

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Greater governmental control over the curriculum and an increasing emphasis on education as instruction towards pre-determined outcomes have generated new interest in the question whether schools should only instruct or also have a pedagogical task. In this paper, it is argued that schools do have a pedagogical task but that this task should not be understood as the teaching of norms and values. A transformative conception of education is presented in order to argue that the pedagogical task, conceived as a concern for the whole person of the student, is the proper and all-encompassing task of education. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-181
Number of pages9
JournalTeaching and Teacher Education
Publication statusPublished - 2002


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