Insulineresistentie en diabetes mellitus type 2 bij kinderen met overgewicht

Translated title of the contribution: Insulin resistance and diabetes type 2 in overweight children

C M Renders, H.A. Delemarre-van de Waal, J M Dekker, Remy A Hirasing

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children is increasing significantly. This increase is attended by an increase in diabetes type 2 in children and adolescents. The most important risk factor for the rise of insulin resistance amongst young people is overweight. The diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus in young people are: (a) symptoms of diabetes mellitus and a random plasma-glucose concentration of > or = 11.1 mmol/l, or (b) fasting plasma-glucose concentration of > or = 7.0 mmol/l, or (c) 2-hour plasma-glucose levels following an oral glucose-tolerance test > or = 11.1 mmol/l. Treatment involves lowering the glucose concentration by changes in lifestyle such as more physical exercise and dieting. In the US, metformin is registered for use in young people. Insulin is indicated in cases of serious hyperglycaemia or diabetic ketoacidosis. Early detection is very useful in obese children with two additional risk factors: diabetes type 2 in first- and second-degree relatives, members of certain ethnic groups or indications of insulin resistance.

Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)2060-3
Number of pages4
JournalNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
Volume147
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2003

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Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Netherlands
  • Nutrition Therapy
  • Obesity
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • English Abstract
  • Journal Article
  • Review

Cite this

Renders, C. M., Delemarre-van de Waal, H. A., Dekker, J. M., & Hirasing, R. A. (2003). Insulineresistentie en diabetes mellitus type 2 bij kinderen met overgewicht. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 147(42), 2060-3.