Inter-rater and test–retest (between-sessions) reliability of the 4-Skills Scan for dutch elementary school children

Willem G. van Kernebeek, Antoine W. de Schipper, Geert J.P. Savelsbergh, Huub M. Toussaint

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In The Netherlands, the 4-Skills Scan is an instrument for physical education teachers to assess gross motor skills of elementary school children. Little is known about its reliability. Therefore, in this study the test–retest and inter-rater reliability was determined. Respectively, 624 and 557 Dutch 6- to 12-year-old children were analyzed for test re-test and inter-rater reliability. All tests took place within the school setting. The outcome measure was age-expected motor performance (in years). Results showed a small practice effect of .24 years for re-test sessions and assessment of motor skills was possible with acceptable precision (standard error of measurement = .67 years). Overall, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was .93 (95% confidence interval: .92–.95) for test–retest reliability and .97 for inter-rater reliability. For the repeated measures, the smallest detectable change (SDC) was 1.84 and limits of agreement were –1.60 and 2.08 years. It can be concluded that the 4-Skills Scan is a reliable instrument to assess gross motor skills in elementary school children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-137
Number of pages9
JournalMeasurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Motor Skills
Physical Education and Training
Netherlands
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • motor skill assessment
  • physical education
  • primary school children
  • psychometrics
  • reliability

Cite this

@article{d90b8c7bde85484ea1b4d1f7deb8f417,
title = "Inter-rater and test–retest (between-sessions) reliability of the 4-Skills Scan for dutch elementary school children",
abstract = "In The Netherlands, the 4-Skills Scan is an instrument for physical education teachers to assess gross motor skills of elementary school children. Little is known about its reliability. Therefore, in this study the test–retest and inter-rater reliability was determined. Respectively, 624 and 557 Dutch 6- to 12-year-old children were analyzed for test re-test and inter-rater reliability. All tests took place within the school setting. The outcome measure was age-expected motor performance (in years). Results showed a small practice effect of .24 years for re-test sessions and assessment of motor skills was possible with acceptable precision (standard error of measurement = .67 years). Overall, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was .93 (95{\%} confidence interval: .92–.95) for test–retest reliability and .97 for inter-rater reliability. For the repeated measures, the smallest detectable change (SDC) was 1.84 and limits of agreement were –1.60 and 2.08 years. It can be concluded that the 4-Skills Scan is a reliable instrument to assess gross motor skills in elementary school children.",
keywords = "motor skill assessment, physical education, primary school children, psychometrics, reliability",
author = "{van Kernebeek}, {Willem G.} and {de Schipper}, {Antoine W.} and Savelsbergh, {Geert J.P.} and Toussaint, {Huub M.}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/1091367X.2017.1399891",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "129--137",
journal = "Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science",
issn = "1091-367X",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "2",

}

Inter-rater and test–retest (between-sessions) reliability of the 4-Skills Scan for dutch elementary school children. / van Kernebeek, Willem G.; de Schipper, Antoine W.; Savelsbergh, Geert J.P.; Toussaint, Huub M.

In: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2018, p. 129-137.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inter-rater and test–retest (between-sessions) reliability of the 4-Skills Scan for dutch elementary school children

AU - van Kernebeek, Willem G.

AU - de Schipper, Antoine W.

AU - Savelsbergh, Geert J.P.

AU - Toussaint, Huub M.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - In The Netherlands, the 4-Skills Scan is an instrument for physical education teachers to assess gross motor skills of elementary school children. Little is known about its reliability. Therefore, in this study the test–retest and inter-rater reliability was determined. Respectively, 624 and 557 Dutch 6- to 12-year-old children were analyzed for test re-test and inter-rater reliability. All tests took place within the school setting. The outcome measure was age-expected motor performance (in years). Results showed a small practice effect of .24 years for re-test sessions and assessment of motor skills was possible with acceptable precision (standard error of measurement = .67 years). Overall, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was .93 (95% confidence interval: .92–.95) for test–retest reliability and .97 for inter-rater reliability. For the repeated measures, the smallest detectable change (SDC) was 1.84 and limits of agreement were –1.60 and 2.08 years. It can be concluded that the 4-Skills Scan is a reliable instrument to assess gross motor skills in elementary school children.

AB - In The Netherlands, the 4-Skills Scan is an instrument for physical education teachers to assess gross motor skills of elementary school children. Little is known about its reliability. Therefore, in this study the test–retest and inter-rater reliability was determined. Respectively, 624 and 557 Dutch 6- to 12-year-old children were analyzed for test re-test and inter-rater reliability. All tests took place within the school setting. The outcome measure was age-expected motor performance (in years). Results showed a small practice effect of .24 years for re-test sessions and assessment of motor skills was possible with acceptable precision (standard error of measurement = .67 years). Overall, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was .93 (95% confidence interval: .92–.95) for test–retest reliability and .97 for inter-rater reliability. For the repeated measures, the smallest detectable change (SDC) was 1.84 and limits of agreement were –1.60 and 2.08 years. It can be concluded that the 4-Skills Scan is a reliable instrument to assess gross motor skills in elementary school children.

KW - motor skill assessment

KW - physical education

KW - primary school children

KW - psychometrics

KW - reliability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85036541155&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85036541155&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/1091367X.2017.1399891

DO - 10.1080/1091367X.2017.1399891

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 129

EP - 137

JO - Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science

JF - Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science

SN - 1091-367X

IS - 2

ER -