The psychosocial development of children with burns is at risk. Children with health care issues tend to develop internalizing problems. Several areas of protective or risk factors were composed into a conceptual model on how internalizing problems might develop or might be prevented after getting burned. The purpose of this study was to explore the relation between post burn internalizing problems on the one hand and child characteristics, burn characteristics and the family environment on the other hand. Data have been collected from 28 mothers and 27 fathers of children with burns (N = 29) in six burn centers in the Netherlands and Belgium. The age of the participating children ranged from 2 to 14, TBSA ranged from 1 to 42%. Parents reported problem behavior on the child behavior checklist (CBCL). Three scales of the family environment scale (FES) have been used to explore family conflict, family cohesion and family control. Relations between a clinical level of internalizing problems, reported in 25% of the sample and the family environment were found. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.