Interparental Violence and the Mediating Role of Parental Availability in Children’s Trauma Related Symptoms

M.M. Visser, K. Schoemaker, J.C. de Schipper, F. Lamers, C. Finkenauer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined the hypothesis that parental psychopathology in Interparental Violence (IPV) families crosses over to children, because parental psychopathology spills over to parental functioning. In a high-risk sample of IPV exposed families, we tested whether parental psychopathology spills over to parental availability, which, in turn, shows a crossover effect to children’s trauma-related symptoms. The study population consisted of 78 IPV-exposed children (4–12 years), and their 65 custodial parents referred to outpatient Children’s Trauma Centers in the Netherlands for
intervention. Consistent with our hypotheses, parental psychopathology was negatively related to parental availability, suggesting a spillover effect. Although parental psychopathology was not associated with children’s trauma-related symptoms directly, we found evidence for the predicted indirect, crossover effects. We found an indirect crossover effect from parental psychopathology to children’s trauma-related anxiety, depression, and anger, through the spillover effect of parental availability. Clinical implications for treatment and study limitations are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-125
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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