We further develop the model of energy transfer in the LHCII trimer based on a quantitative fit of the linear spectra (including absorption (OD), linear dichroism (LD), circular dichroism (CD), and fluorescence (FL)) and transient absorption (TA) kinetics upon 650 nm and 662 nm excitation. The spectral shapes and relaxation/migration rates have been calculated using the combined Redfield-Förster approach capable of correctly describing fast relaxation within strongly coupled chlorophyll (Chl) a and b clusters and slow migration between them. Within each monomeric subunit of the trimeric complex there is fast (sub-ps) conversion from Chl's b to Chl's a at the stromal side accompanied by slow (>10 ps) equilibration between the stromal- and lumenal-side Chl a clusters in combination with slow (>13 ps) population of Chl's a from the 'bottleneck' Chl a604 site. The connection between monomeric subunits is determined by exciton coupling between the stromal-side Chl's b from the two adjacent subunits (Chl b601′-608-609 cluster) making a simultaneous fast (sub-ps) population of the Chl's a possible from both subunits. Final equilibration occurs via slow (>20 ps) migration between the Chl a clusters located on different monomeric subunits. This migration includes up-hill transfers from the red-most Chl a610-611-612 clusters located at the peripheral side in each subunit to the Chl a602-603 dimers located at the inner side of the trimeric LHCII complex. © 2011 the Owner Societies.
Novoderezhkin, V. I., Marin, A., & van Grondelle, R. (2011). Intra- and inter-monomeric transfers in the light harvesting LHCII complex: the Redfield-Forster picture. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics - PCCP, 13(38), 17093-17103. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1cp21079c