Mineral dust is a key player in the Earth system with important impacts on the global energy and carbon cycles, acting on timescales of minutes to millennia. Megatons of dust are lifted each year into the atmosphere by strong near-surface winds over the world's arid regions. Such winds can be generated by short-lived small-scale dust devils, cold outflow from thunderstorms up to continental-scale dust storms. The tiny dust particles can be lifted to great heights and transported thousands of kilometres across the globe. Once airborne, dust affects radiation and clouds and thereby also precipitation. Dust also alters chemical processes in the atmosphere and deteriorates air quality and visibility for aviation. Dust is removed from the atmosphere by gravitational settling, turbulence or precipitation. Deposition on plants, snow and ice changes the amount of reflected solar radiation. Iron and other nutrients contained in dust fertilise both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Dust deposits in glaciers, soils and ocean or lake sediments constitute an important archive of past environmental changes. For the first time, this book gives a detailed account of the state of the art in the fascinating, highly interdisciplinary and dynamically evolving area of dust research including results from field campaigns, laboratory, aircraft, satellite, modelling and theoretical studies. This chapter gives a short introduction into the topic, placing several recent developments in dust research into a historical context.
|Title of host publication||Mineral Dust|
|Subtitle of host publication||A Key Player in the Earth System|
|Number of pages||14|
|ISBN (Print)||9401789770, 9789401789776|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2014|
- Environmental change
- Field campaigns