M.R.J. Crul, Peter Scholten, Paul van Laar

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Migration-related diversity manifests itself primarily in cities. Cities are usually the primary points of entry for new migrants and often the first places where integration in society starts. Many cities have experienced centuries of immigration and consider migration as a core element of their identity (such as New York and Amsterdam). In an increasing number of Western European cities, even more than half of the population has a migration background. These cities are referred to as ‘majority-minority’ cities. In Europe, this is already true for cities like Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Brussels or Malmö and substantial parts of greater London, Frankfurt or Paris. Of the children under the age of fifteen in Amsterdam and Rotterdam only one third is still of Dutch descent (Crul 2016).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComing to Terms with Superdiversity
Subtitle of host publicationThe Case of Rotterdam
EditorsMaurice Crul, Peter Scholten, Paul van Laar
PublisherSpringer Open
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783319960418
ISBN (Print)9783319960401
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameImiscoe Research Series


  • superdiversity, integration, second generation


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