Iraq’s Unlearned Lesson; Transitional Justice Mechanisms and the Rising Threat of Terrorism in the Post-IS landscape

Research output: Contribution to ConferenceAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Implementing a suitable transitional justice mechanism in post-conflict societies which experienced or continue to experience terrorism is arguably even more complicated than other transitional justice processes. Transitional justice mechanisms are designed to ultimately break the cycle of violence and facilitate long-lasting peace. However, the very same mechanisms as a cure for spiritual wounds and traumas of a terror-affected society can be a curse with the potential to create / deepen grievances which may be harnessed to promote extremist violence. By way of illustration, while securing accountability for past crimes is oftentimes promoted in the aftermath of conflict, excessive retributive responses can possibly be counter-productive to long-term security. Iraq in its both post-2003 and post-IS (Islamic State) landscape can stand as an explicit illustration of this tension. Taking Iraq as a case study and based on a literature review and expert interviews, this presentation explores how transitional justice mechanisms can fuel or frustrate the cycle of radicalization in a post-terror landscape. Based on the presented model, it argues that the current Iraqi government in the post-IS era makes largely the very same mistake it made in the post-2003 era which can create new push and pull factors for radicalization and lead to a new generation of terrorists.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventNederlandse Vereniging voor Criminologie (NVC), Online Congres 2021 -
Duration: 18 Jun 2021 → …

Conference

ConferenceNederlandse Vereniging voor Criminologie (NVC), Online Congres 2021
Period18/06/21 → …

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