Is higher dairy consumption associated with lower body weight and fewer metabolic disturbances? The Hoorn Study.

Marieke B Snijder, Amber Awa van der Heijden, Rob M van Dam, Coen D a Stehouwer, Gerrit J Hiddink, Giel Nijpels, Robert J Heine, Lex M Bouter, Jacqueline M Dekker

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Dairy consumption has been postulated to reduce the risk of obesity and metabolic disturbances.\n\nOBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of dairy consumption with body weight and other components of the metabolic syndrome.\n\nDESIGN: We used cross-sectional data for 2064 men and women aged 50-75 y who participated in the Hoorn Study. The metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel. Dairy consumption was assessed by using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire.\n\nRESULTS: The median consumption of total dairy products was 4.1 servings/d. After adjustment for potential confounders (ie, dietary factors, physical activity, smoking, income, educational level, and antihypertensive medication), total dairy consumption was significantly associated with lower diastolic blood pressure (beta +/- SE: -0.31 +/- 0.12 mm Hg/serving) and higher fasting glucose concentrations (0.04 +/- 0.02 mmol/L per serving), but not with body weight or other metabolic variables (ie, lipids, postload glucose, or insulin). When different dairy products were distinguished, borderline significant (P <0.10) inverse associations were observed for dairy desserts, milk, and yogurt with systolic (-1.26 +/- 0.58, -0.57 +/- 0.34, and -1.28 +/- 0.74 mm Hg/serving, respectively) and diastolic (-0.58 +/- 0.31, -0.57 +/- 0.18, and -0.35 +/- 0.40 mm Hg/serving, respectively) blood pressure, whereas cheese consumption was positively associated with body mass index (0.15 +/- 0.08/serving).\n\nCONCLUSION: In an elderly Dutch population, higher dairy consumption was not associated with lower weight or more favorable levels of components of the metabolic syndrome, except for a modest association with lower blood pressure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe American journal of clinical nutrition
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

Publication series

NameThe American journal of clinical nutrition


  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose
  • Blood Glucose: metabolism
  • Blood Pressure
  • Blood Pressure: physiology
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Body Weight: physiology
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents: administration &
  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Calcium, Dietary: administration & dosage
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dairy Products
  • Diet Surveys
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Energy Metabolism: physiology
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome X
  • Metabolic Syndrome X: blood
  • Metabolic Syndrome X: epidemiology
  • Metabolic Syndrome X: metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity
  • Obesity: blood
  • Obesity: epidemiology
  • Obesity: metabolism
  • Prevalence
  • Questionnaires
  • Risk Factors


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