Is higher dairy consumption associated with lower body weight and fewer metabolic disturbances? The Hoorn study

Marieke B. Snijder, Amber A W A Van Der Heijden, Rob M. Van Dam, Coen D A Stehouwer, Gerrit J. Hiddink, Giel Nijpels, Robert J. Heine, Lex M. Bouter, Jacqueline M. Dekker

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Dairy consumption has been postulated to reduce the risk of obesity and metabolic disturbances. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of dairy consumption with body weight and other components of the metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: We used cross-sectional data for 2064 men and women aged 50-75 y who participated in the Hoorn Study. The metabolic syndrome was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel. Dairy consumption was assessed by using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: The median consumption of total dairy products was 4.1 servings/d. After adjustment for potential confounders (ie, dietary factors, physical activity, smoking, income, educational level, and antihypertensive medication), total dairy consumption was significantly associated with lower diastolic blood pressure (beta +/- SE: -0.31 +/- 0.12 mm Hg/serving) and higher fasting glucose concentrations (0.04 +/- 0.02 mmol/L per serving), but not with body weight or other metabolic variables (ie, lipids, postload glucose, or insulin). When different dairy products were distinguished, borderline significant (P <0.10) inverse associations were observed for dairy desserts, milk, and yogurt with systolic (-1.26 +/- 0.58, -0.57 +/- 0.34, and -1.28 +/- 0.74 mm Hg/serving, respectively) and diastolic (-0.58 +/- 0.31, -0.57 +/- 0.18, and -0.35 +/- 0.40 mm Hg/serving, respectively) blood pressure, whereas cheese consumption was positively associated with body mass index (0.15 +/- 0.08/serving). CONCLUSION: In an elderly Dutch population, higher dairy consumption was not associated with lower weight or more favorable levels of components of the metabolic syndrome, except for a modest association with lower blood pressure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2007

Publication series

NameAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition


  • Body weight
  • Cross-sectional study
  • Dairy consumption
  • Elderly
  • Metabolic syndrome


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