Is physical activity regulated by genetics? Evidence from studies in humans

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Abstract

Physical activity (PA) is a broad concept containing a variety of different human behaviors that share the common denominator of expected beneficial effects on mental and somatic health. PA behaviors appear to "run in the family" for example, the chance of one family member being a regular exerciser increases the chance of all other family members to be, or to become, an exerciser. Familial aggregation of PA can be investigated by computing correlations among relatives such as siblings, and parents and their offspring. In the final set of 27 adult twin studies, we encountered a large variation in measurement instruments and PA measures used. By far the largest common denominator was the use of survey-based methods using subjective PA reporting on self or family members. In large population-based twin registries, surveys are often considered the only feasible strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics
EditorsJ. Timothy Lightfoot, Monica J. Hubal, Stephen M. Roth
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter6
Pages67-79
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781351380164
ISBN (Print)9781138504851
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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