Key Choices in the Design of Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS)

T Baker, S Bechhofer, A.H.J.C.A. Isaac, A. Miles, G. Schreiber, E Summers, Guus Schreiber

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) provides a data model and vocabulary for expressing Knowledge Organization Systems (KOSs) such as thesauri and classification schemes in Semantic Web applications. This paper presents the main components of SKOS and their formal expression in Web Ontology Language (OWL), providing an extensive account of the design decisions taken by the Semantic Web Deployment (SWD) Working Group of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which between 2006 and 2009 brought SKOS to the status of W3C Recommendation. The paper explains key design principles such as "minimal ontological commitment" and systematically cites the requirements and issues that influenced the design of SKOS components. By reconstructing the discussion around alternative features and design options and presenting the rationale for design decisions, the paper aims at providing insight into how SKOS turned out as it did, and why. Assuming that SKOS, like any other successful technology, may eventually be subject to revision and improvement, the critical account offered here may help future editors approach such a task with deeper understanding. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-49
JournalJournal of Web Semantics
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Semantic Web
Thesauri
World Wide Web
Ontology
Data structures

Cite this

Baker, T ; Bechhofer, S ; Isaac, A.H.J.C.A. ; Miles, A. ; Schreiber, G. ; Summers, E ; Schreiber, Guus. / Key Choices in the Design of Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS). In: Journal of Web Semantics. 2013 ; Vol. 20. pp. 35-49.
@article{78adc80a0d3744b39de73e9af1347e70,
title = "Key Choices in the Design of Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS)",
abstract = "Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) provides a data model and vocabulary for expressing Knowledge Organization Systems (KOSs) such as thesauri and classification schemes in Semantic Web applications. This paper presents the main components of SKOS and their formal expression in Web Ontology Language (OWL), providing an extensive account of the design decisions taken by the Semantic Web Deployment (SWD) Working Group of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which between 2006 and 2009 brought SKOS to the status of W3C Recommendation. The paper explains key design principles such as {"}minimal ontological commitment{"} and systematically cites the requirements and issues that influenced the design of SKOS components. By reconstructing the discussion around alternative features and design options and presenting the rationale for design decisions, the paper aims at providing insight into how SKOS turned out as it did, and why. Assuming that SKOS, like any other successful technology, may eventually be subject to revision and improvement, the critical account offered here may help future editors approach such a task with deeper understanding. {\circledC} 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
author = "T Baker and S Bechhofer and A.H.J.C.A. Isaac and A. Miles and G. Schreiber and E Summers and Guus Schreiber",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.websem.2013.05.001",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "35--49",
journal = "Journal of Web Semantics",
issn = "1570-8268",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Key Choices in the Design of Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS). / Baker, T; Bechhofer, S; Isaac, A.H.J.C.A.; Miles, A.; Schreiber, G.; Summers, E; Schreiber, Guus.

In: Journal of Web Semantics, Vol. 20, 2013, p. 35-49.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Key Choices in the Design of Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS)

AU - Baker, T

AU - Bechhofer, S

AU - Isaac, A.H.J.C.A.

AU - Miles, A.

AU - Schreiber, G.

AU - Summers, E

AU - Schreiber, Guus

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) provides a data model and vocabulary for expressing Knowledge Organization Systems (KOSs) such as thesauri and classification schemes in Semantic Web applications. This paper presents the main components of SKOS and their formal expression in Web Ontology Language (OWL), providing an extensive account of the design decisions taken by the Semantic Web Deployment (SWD) Working Group of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which between 2006 and 2009 brought SKOS to the status of W3C Recommendation. The paper explains key design principles such as "minimal ontological commitment" and systematically cites the requirements and issues that influenced the design of SKOS components. By reconstructing the discussion around alternative features and design options and presenting the rationale for design decisions, the paper aims at providing insight into how SKOS turned out as it did, and why. Assuming that SKOS, like any other successful technology, may eventually be subject to revision and improvement, the critical account offered here may help future editors approach such a task with deeper understanding. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) provides a data model and vocabulary for expressing Knowledge Organization Systems (KOSs) such as thesauri and classification schemes in Semantic Web applications. This paper presents the main components of SKOS and their formal expression in Web Ontology Language (OWL), providing an extensive account of the design decisions taken by the Semantic Web Deployment (SWD) Working Group of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which between 2006 and 2009 brought SKOS to the status of W3C Recommendation. The paper explains key design principles such as "minimal ontological commitment" and systematically cites the requirements and issues that influenced the design of SKOS components. By reconstructing the discussion around alternative features and design options and presenting the rationale for design decisions, the paper aims at providing insight into how SKOS turned out as it did, and why. Assuming that SKOS, like any other successful technology, may eventually be subject to revision and improvement, the critical account offered here may help future editors approach such a task with deeper understanding. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1016/j.websem.2013.05.001

DO - 10.1016/j.websem.2013.05.001

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 35

EP - 49

JO - Journal of Web Semantics

JF - Journal of Web Semantics

SN - 1570-8268

ER -