Know Yourself: An Adaptive Causal Network Model for Therapeutic Intervention for Regaining Cognitive Control

Nimat Ullah*, Jan Treur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Long term stress often causes depression and neuronal atrophies that in turn can lead to a variety of health problems. As a result of these cellular changes, also molecular changes occur. These changes, that include increase of glucocorticoids and decrease of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor, have the unfortunate effect that they decrease the cognitive abilities needed for the individual to solve the stressful situation. Such cognitive abilities like reappraisal and their adaptation mechanisms turn out to be substantially impaired while they are needed for regulation of the negative emotions. However, antidepressant treatments and some other therapies have proved to be quite effective for the strengthening of such cognitive abilities. This study introduces an adaptive causal network model for this phenomenon where a subject loses his or her cognitive abilities (negative metaplasticity) due to long-term stress and re-improve these cognitive abilities (positive metaplasticity) through mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). Simulation results have been reported for demonstration of the phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, AIAI'20, vol. 2
Subtitle of host publication16th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2020Neos Marmaras, Greece, June 5–7, 2020Proceedings, Part II
EditorsIlias Maglogiannis, Lazaros Iliadis, Elias Pimenidis
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
Pages334-346
Number of pages13
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9783030491864
ISBN (Print)9783030491857
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2020
Event16th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, AIAI 2020 - Neos Marmaras, Greece
Duration: 5 Jun 20207 Jun 2020

Publication series

NameIFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology
Volume584 IFIP
ISSN (Print)1868-4238
ISSN (Electronic)1868-422X

Conference

Conference16th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, AIAI 2020
CountryGreece
CityNeos Marmaras
Period5/06/207/06/20

Keywords

  • Adaptive causal modeling
  • Cognition
  • Mindfulness
  • Negative metaplasticity
  • Positive metaplasticity
  • Reappraisal
  • Therapy

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