Knowledge-Driven Paper Retrieval to Support Updating of Clinical Guidelines: A use case on PubMed

Veruska Carretta Zamborlini, Qing Hu, Z. Huang, Marcos Da Silveira, Cedric Pruski, A.C.M. ten Teije, F.A.H. van Harmelen

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Clinical Guidelines are important knowledge resources for medical decision making. They provide clinical recommendations based on a collection of research findings with respect to a specific disease. Since, new findings are regularly published, CGs are also expected to be regularly updated. However, selecting and analysing medical publications require a huge human efforts, even when these publications are mostly regrouped and into repositories (e.g., MEDLINE database) and accessible via a search engine (e.g. PubMed). Automatically detecting those research findings from a medical search engine such as PubMed supports the guideline updating process. A simple search method is to select the medical terms that appear in the conclusions of the guideline to generate a query to search for new evidences. However, some challenges rise in this method: how to select the important terms, besides how to consider background knowledge that may be missing or not explicitly stated in those conclusions. In this paper we apply a knowledge model that formally describes elements such as actions and their effects to investigate (i) if it favors selecting the medical terms to compose queries and (ii) if a search enhanced with background knowledge can provide better result than other methods. This work explores a knowledge-driven approach for detecting new evidences relevant for the clinical guideline update process. Based on the outcomes of two experiments, we found that this approach can improve the recall by retrieving more relevant evidences than previous methods.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKnowledge Representation for Health Care
Subtitle of host publicationHEC 2016 International Joint Workshop, KR4HC/ProHealth 2016, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsDavid Riaño, Richard Lenz, Manfred Reichert
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing Switzerland
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9783319550145
ISBN (Print)9783319550138
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10096 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


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