Knowledge representation on the web revisited: The case for prototypes

Michael Cochez*, Stefan Decker, Eric Prud’Hommeaux

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


Recently, RDF and OWL have become the most common knowledge representation languages in use on the Web, propelled by the recommendation of the W3C. In this paper we examine an alternative way to represent knowledge based on Prototypes. This Prototype-based representation has different properties, which we argue to be more suitable for data sharing and reuse on theWeb. Prototypes avoid the distinction between classes and instances and provide a means for object-based data sharing and reuse. In this paper we discuss the requirements and design principles for Knowledge Representation based on Prototypes on the Web, after which we propose a formal syntax and semantics. We further show how to embed knowledge representation based on Prototypes in the current Semantic Web stack and report on an implementation and practical evaluation of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Semantic Web - 15th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2016, Proceedings
EditorsMarkus Krotzsch, Freddy Lecue, Freddy Lecue, Elena Simperl, Alasdair Gray, Fabian Flock, Yolanda Gil, Paul Groth, Marta Sabou
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783319465227
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event15th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2016 - Kobe, Japan
Duration: 17 Oct 201621 Oct 2016

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume9981 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference15th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2016


  • Knowledge representation
  • Linked data
  • Prototypes


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