LAMP-2 is involved in surface expression of rankl of osteoblasts in vitro

I.D.C. Jansen, W. Tigchelaar-Gutter, J.M.A. Hogervorst, T.J. de Vries, P. Saftig, V. Everts

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Lysosome associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) are involved in several processes, among which is fusion of lysosomes with phagosomes. For the formation of multinucleated osteoclasts, the interaction between receptor activator of nuclear kappa β (RANK) and its ligand RANKL is essential. Osteoclast precursors express RANK on their membrane and RANKL is expressed by cells of the osteoblast lineage. Recently it has been suggested that the transport of RANKL to the plasma membrane is mediated by lysosomal organelles. We wondered whether LAMP-2 might play a role in transportation of RANKL to the plasma membrane of osteoblasts. To elucidate the possible function of LAMP-2 herein and in the formation of osteoclasts, we analyzed these processes in vivo and in vitro using LAMP-2-deficient mice. We found that, in the presence of macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and RANKL, active osteoclasts were formed using bone marrow cells from calvaria and long bone mouse bone marrow. Surprisingly, an almost complete absence of osteoclast formation was found when osteoclast precursors were co-cultured with LAMP-2 deficient osteoblasts. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting FACS analysis revealed that plasma membrane-bound RANKL was strongly decreased on LAMP-2 deficient osteoblasts. These results suggest that osteoblastic LAMP-2 is required for osteoblast-induced osteoclast formation in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6110
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

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