LAND GOVERNANCE IN TRANSITIONAL REGIMES: A first Empirical Conceptualization for Identifying and Mapping Romanian Hybrid Land Governance Networks

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Abstract

Eastern European countries are increasingly targeted for land grabbing by (inter) national investors and oligarchs. Specifically Romania is one of the most heavily targeted countries. Land fragmentation, fuzziness in land property relations, weak legislation, underdeveloped land markets, high soil fertility, and low land prices seem to have further contributed to this land grabbing phenomenon. EU-membership seems to have worsened the situation. EU farm subsidies created an extra stimulus for international investors to invest in ‘foreign’ farmland. Romanian land governance is embedded in fuzziness and complexities, with the legacy of communism deeply rooted in its institutions and social structures. This complexity is exacerbated and exploited by a wide range of state and non-state actors involved in these land deals, operating at a variety of governance layers. Based on theoretical and empirical insights this paper presents a first outline of a conceptual framework, which identifies four hybrid governance levels
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLAND GOVERNANCE IN TRANSITIONAL REGIMES [Proceedings]
Subtitle of host publicationA first Empirical Conceptualization for Identifying and Mapping Romanian Hybrid Land Governance Networks
PublisherWorld Bank Group
Pages1-30
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2020
Event21st Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty: Institutions for Equity & Resilience -
Duration: 16 Mar 202020 Mar 2020
https://www.worldbank.org/en/events/2020/03/16/land-and-poverty-conference-2020-institutions-for-equity-and-resilience

Conference

Conference21st Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty
Period16/03/2020/03/20
Internet address

Keywords

  • Land governance
  • hybrid networks
  • Romania
  • transitional economies
  • transitional regimes
  • intermediaries
  • intermediary elite brokers
  • Elite theory
  • elites
  • brokerage

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