Land surface temperature retrieval by landsat 8 thermal band: Applications of laboratory and field measurements

P.S. Kafer, S.B.A. Rolim, M.L. Iglesias, N.S. Da Rocha, L.R. Diaz

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


© 2008-2012 IEEE.Land surface temperature (LST) plays an important role in a wide variety of scientific studies. Several methodologies to retrieve LST and correct the atmospheric effects for thermal infrared satellite imagery have been developed and all of them require prior knowledge of the land surface emissivity (LSE). The techniques developed for LSE and LST retrieval need to be validated with field measurements. However, in situ measurements are a challenge, being essential to investigate the particularities of each instrument to verify the best approach to collect data and validate the algorithms. Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer has been widely used to obtain emissivity of different targets and calculate temperature. The instrument may be used to validate remote sensing data. Moreover, FT-IR allows to collect both emissivity and temperature at the laboratory, thus being an alternative to field validation. We investigated the emissivity dependence of the temperature. In addition, we evaluated the possibility of replacing in situ measurements by laboratory-controlled measurements. We have chosen two single-channel methods to calculate LST and perform the analysis in a Landsat 8 image. We also performed field measurements at the same time as the satellite overpass. FT-IR showed great potential to validate remotely sensed data. However, the instrument requires some time to acquire stability and attention in the calibration process. Laboratory measurements can replace field data, producing approximately 2% of the difference in the LSE. Both single-channel methods provide good accuracy for LST retrieval. Nonetheless, the improved single-channel has superior performance for the study area conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8720054
Pages (from-to)2332-2341
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


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