Large palaeomeanders in Europe: distribution, formation process, age, environments and significance

Jef Vandenberghe, Aleksey Sidorchuk

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Abstract

Large palaeomeanders represent a characteristic morphological aspect of many valley floors worldwide. Although the present overview is limited to the European territory, a review of extent, age, geometry and significance in terms of former discharge conditions of large palaeomeanders is timely. Their large size was a function of unusually high river run-off that resulted from specific climate, topography, vegetation and frozen soil conditions. Therefore, their ages and appearances may be variable as a function of geographical position. In addition, the factors that caused the large size of these meanders are discussed. The dimensions of palaeomeanders may be used for discharge reconstructions, but this should be applied with caution, taking into account the different factors that caused the large size of these meanders.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPalaeohydrology
Subtitle of host publicationGeography of the Physical Environment
EditorsJürgen Herget, Alessandro Fontana
PublisherSpringer_Verlag
Chapter9
Pages169-186
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783030233150
ISBN (Print)9783030233143, 9783030233174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameGeography of the Physical Environment
ISSN (Print)2366-8865
ISSN (Electronic)2366-8873

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