Lateral Subunit Coupling Determines Intermediate Filament Mechanics

Charlotta Lorenz, Johanna Forsting, Anna V. Schepers, Julia Kraxner, Susanne Bauch, Hannes Witt, Stefan Klumpp, Sarah Köster

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The cytoskeleton is a composite network of three types of protein filaments, among which intermediate filaments (IFs) are the most extensible ones. Two very important IFs are keratin and vimentin, which have similar molecular architectures but different mechanical behaviors. Here we compare the mechanical response of single keratin and vimentin filaments using optical tweezers. We show that the mechanics of vimentin strongly depends on the ionic strength of the buffer and that its force-strain curve suggests a high degree of cooperativity between subunits. Indeed, a computational model indicates that in contrast to keratin, vimentin is characterized by strong lateral subunit coupling of its charged monomers during unfolding of α helices. We conclude that cells can tune their mechanics by differential use of keratin versus vimentin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number188102
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 29 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


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