Leaving the Bank of Mum and Dad: Financial Independence and Delinquency Desistance in Emerging Adulthood

Jessica M. Hill*, Victor R. van der Geest, Arjan A.J. Blokland

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose

Traditional markers of adulthood, such as marriage and parenthood, are being increasingly postponed by young adults in their 20s. Consequently, young people cite different criteria for achieving an adult status (Arnett in Youth and Society, 29:3–23, [5]). In this study, we focus on one of these, financial independence, examining how it relates to delinquency. We hypothesize that gaining financial independence, i.e., no longer receiving financial support from parents, will lead to a decrease in delinquent behavior but that other factors may play a moderating role in this.
Methods

Using longitudinal data from a general population sample of Dutch emerging adults, aged 18–24 years, fixed effects models were run examining the effect of within-person changes in financial independence on self-reported delinquent behavior.
Results

Using lagged models, we found that when participants were financially independent, they reported committing fewer delinquent offences in the subsequent 6-month period compared to when they were financially dependent. This effect was not moderated by individuals’ education or employment status or their living situation.
Conclusions

These results indicate that young people today desist from delinquency in response to gaining financial independence from parents. We discuss the role of financial independence as an important marker of adulthood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-439
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
Volume3
Issue number4
Early online date11 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Desistance
  • Emerging adulthood
  • Financial independence
  • Life-course criminology

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