Yersinia pestis is the causative agent of plague. As adequate antibiotic treatment falls short and currently no effective vaccine is available, alternative therapeutic strategies are needed. In order to contribute to solving this problem we investigated the therapeutic potential of the peptide construct LFchimera against the safer-to-handle Y. pestis simulants Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis in vitro. LFchimera is a heterodimeric peptide construct mimicking two antimicrobial domains of bovine lactoferrin, i.e. lactoferrampin and lactoferricin. LFchimera has been shown to be a potent antimicrobial peptide against a variety of bacteria in vitro and in vivo. Also Y. enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis have been shown to be susceptible for LFchimera in vitro. As Yersiniae spp. adhere to and invade host cells upon infection, we here investigated the effects of LFchimera on these processes. It was found that LFchimera has the capacity to inhibit host-cell invasion by Yersiniae spp. in vitro. This effect appeared to be host-cell mediated, not bacteria-mediated. Furthermore it was found that exposure of human HeLa epithelial cells to both LFchimera and the bacterial strains evoked a pro-inflammatory cytokine release from the cells in vitro.