Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) codes for 20 cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs), considered potential drug-targets due to their essential roles in bacterial viability and host infection. Catalytic activity of mycobacterial CYPs is dependent on electron transfer from a NAD (P)H-ferredoxin-reductase (FNR) and a ferredoxin (Fd). Two FNRs (FdrA and FprA) and five ferredoxins (Fdx, FdxA, FdxC, FdxD, and Rv1786) have been found in the Mtb genome. However, as of yet, the cognate redox partnerships have not been fully established. This is confounded by the fact that heterologous redox partners are routinely used to reconstitute Mtb CYP metabolism. To this end, this study aimed to biochemically characterize and identify cognate redox partnerships for Mtb CYPs. Interestingly, all combinations of FNRs and ferredoxins were active in the reduction of oxidized cytochrome c, but steady-state kinetic assays revealed FdxD as the most efficient redox partner for FdrA, whereas Fdx coupled preferably with FprA. CYP121A1, CYP124A1, CYP125A1, and CYP142A1 metabolism with the cognate redox partners was reconstituted in vitro showing an unanticipated selectivity in the requirement for electron transfer partnership, which did not necessarily correlate with proximity in the genome. This is the first description of microbial P450 metabolism in which multiple ferredoxins are functionally linked to multiple CYPs.
- Cytochrome P450
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis
- NAD (P) H ferredoxin reductase
- Redox partners