Testing Endocrine Disruption in Biota Samples: A method to Remove Interfering Lipids and Natural Hormones

E. Simon, M.H. Lamoree, T. Hamers, J.M. Weiss, J. Balaam, J. de Boer, P.E.G. Leonards

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A cleanup method was developed to remove coextracted lipids and natural hormones from biota samples in order to test the endocrine-disrupting (ED) capacity of their extracts in in vitro bioassays. Unspiked and spiked fish tissues were cleaned with a combination of dialysis, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and normal-phase liquid chromatography (NP-HPLC). The spiking mixture consisted of a broad range of environmental pollutants (endocrine disruptors and genotoxic compounds). Chemical recoveries of each test compound, and thyroidhormone-like and (anti)androgenic activities of the cleaned extracts were investigated. Despite the chemical and toxicological complexity of the spiking mixture and the sequential sample treatment, chemical analysis revealed acceptable recoveries on average: 89 ± 8% after each cleanup step separately and 75 ± 3% after the whole extraction and cleanup procedure in the extracts. In addition, recovered activities in the bioassays were in good agreement with the spiking levels. The developed cleanup method proved to be capable of lipid and natural hormone removal from fish extracts, enabling the measurement of selected endocrine-hormone-like activities in T
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8322-8329
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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