Interpolating the exchange–correlation energy along the density-fixed adiabatic connection of density functional theory is a promising way to build approximations that are not biased toward the weakly correlated regime. These interpolations can be performed at the global (integrated over all spaces) or at the local level, using energy densities. Many features of the relevant energy densities as well as several different ways to construct these interpolations, including comparisons between global and local variants, are investigated here for the analytically solvable Hooke’s atom series, which allows for an exploration of different correlation regimes. We also analyze different ways to define the correlation kinetic energy density, focusing on the peak in the kinetic correlation potential.
- Density functional theory
- Electronic correlation
- Exchange–correlation functionals