Localization & Mitigation of Cascading Failures in Power Systems, Part III: Real-time Mitigation

Linqi Guo, Chen Liang, Alessandro Zocca, Steven H. Low, Adam Wierman

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Cascading failures in power systems propagate non-locally, making the control of outages extremely difficult.In Part III of this work, we leverage the properties of tree partitioning developed in Parts I and II to propose a distributed control strategy that offers strong guarantees in both the mitigation and localization of cascading failures. Specifically we adopt a recently developed distributed frequency regulation approach, called the Unified Control, that integrates primary and secondary control as well as congestion management at frequency control timescale.When the balancing areas over which the Unified Control operates form a tree partition, our proposed strategy will regulate the system to a steady state where the impact of initial line outages is localized within the areas where they occur whenever possible and stop the cascading process. When initial line outages cannot be localized, the proposed strategy provides a configurable design that involves and coordinates progressively more balancing areas for failure mitigation in a way that can be optimized for different priorities. We compare the proposed control strategy with the classical automatic generation control (AGC) on the IEEE 118-bus and 2736-bus test networks. Simulation results show that our strategy greatly improves overall reliability in terms of the N-k security standard, and localizes the impact of initial failures in majority of the load profiles that are examined. Moreover, the proposed framework incurs significantly less load loss, if any, compared to AGC, in all of our case studies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2005.11319
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2020


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