Long term testosterone administration increases visceral fat mass in female-to-male transsexuals

J.M.H. Elbers, H. Asscheman, J.C. Seidell, J.A.J. Megens, L.J.G. Gooren

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The amount of intraabdominal (visceral) fat is an important determinant of disturbances in lipid and glucose metabolism. Cross-sectional studies in women have found associations between high androgen levels and visceral fat accumulation. The causal relation between these phenomena is unknown. We, therefore, studied prospectively the effect of testosterone administration on body fat distribution in 10 young, nonobese, female to male transsexuals undergoing sex reassignment. Before, after 1 yr, and after 3 yr of testosterone administration, magnetic resonance images were obtained at the level of the abdomen, hip, and thigh to quantify both sc and visceral fat depots. After 1 yr of testosterone administration, sc fat depots at all levels showed significant reductions compared to baseline measurements. The mean visceral fat area did not change significantly, but subjects who gained weight in the first year after testosterone administration showed an increase in, visceral fat. After 3 yr of testosterone administration, sc fat depots were no longer significantly lower compared to pretreatment measurements, but the mean visceral fat depot had increased significantly by 13 cm
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2044-2047
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume82
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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